List of names as written Various modes of spelling Authorities for spelling Situation Description remarks
Wall of Antoninus Pius appears that the second legion, with detachments from the sixth and twentieth legion, and some auxiliaries, erected these vast military works, equally creditable to their skill and perseverance. This wall is called in the popular language of the country, Grime's Dyke, the etymology of which has confounded antiquarians, and puzzled philologists. In British speech, and in the Welsh language of the present day the word 'gryme' signifies strength; but whether the appellation which the wall now receives is derived from such a root seems doubtful. Certain it is, that the absurd fiction of Fordun, Boyce and Buchanan, who derive their name from a supposititious person of the name of Grime and his Scots having broke through this wall, has long been exploded."
Gazeteer of Scotland.
"With respect to the modern name, Graham's Dyke, by which it now goes, we can offer nothing with certainty. Graham is a surname very numerous and of great antiquity in Scotland. A distinct and powerful clan of that name is mentioned, as possessing a considerable territory upon the borders of the two kingdoms, as late as the days of Edward VI. All our historians mention a chief so called, who in the fifth century, broke through this wall, and made dreadful havock amongst the Britons, who were now abandoned by their friends the Romans; and as other conquerors sometimes received names from the countries they had subdued, this renowned warrior is said to have given his to a work which he destroyed. Several of these authors have handed down another transaction, which is as likely to have given a rise to the name Graham's Dyke, though we have never seen it taken notice of by antiquaries in connexion with the subject we are upon. In the reign of Malcolm 2nd, near the end of the tenth century, one Grimus, or Gryme, a relation of the royal family, aspiring to the crown, raised a considerable army to accomplish his design. Malcolm marched at the head of his troops to give him battle. The two armies encamped in view of each other upon opposite sides of the Forth, not far from Stirling. An accommodation of a very singular nature was brought about, without any bloodshed, by the influence of Fothadus, bishop of Saint Andrews, a man highly reputed in both armies, on account of his sanctity. The terms of accommadation, say our authors, were that the kingdom should be divided between Malcolm and Gryme during the life of the latter; that at his death, the whole should be possessed by Malcolm; and that the wall between the Forth and the Clyde should be the boundary of their respective dominions, Malcolm occupying what lay upon the south of that wall and Gryme the northern parts."
Nimmo's History of Stirling.

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[Page] 48 Parish of Polmont

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