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OS1/10/11/132

List of names as written Various modes of spelling Authorities for spelling Situation Description remarks
Site of NEW WARK Site of New Wark
site of New Wark
John McCormack
J.H. Bell
055 [Situation] In Queensberry Square
The Site of an old Building or Stronghold which was erected in 1583, intended as a place of refuge for the Inhabitants of the Town And for the Concealment of their more valuable effects, during the disturbances of Border Wars And that of the feudal chiefs This building therefore served the double purpose of a fortress And of a retreat for the people and a repository for their goods when they were beaten back by invaders.- This building was discovered on the occasion of digging the foundation of the Duke of Queensberry's Monument.

Continued entries/extra info

[Page] 132 -- Parish of Dumfries -- Plan 55.3.

" In Chalmers' Caledonia Vol III Page 135 is the following Notice " In 1583 or1585, there was
"erected in Dumfries a strong building which was called the New Wark and which was several storeys high And had
"vaults under it Tradition States that in the New Wark the most valuable effects of
"the Town was deposited for safety upon an alarm of an inroad from the hostile borders or when the inveterate bickerings between
" the Maxwell's and Johnstones endangered the Safety of the Town. The New Wark has been long since demolished. but
"the vaults under it were laid open when a foundation was dug for the Monument which was erected to Charles Duke of
" Queensberry who died in 1778 " See also Sinclair's Stat. Acc [Statistical Account] Vol [Volume] 5. Page 141.

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