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is supplied from a spout in a field. The distance is considerable,
and the people depend largely on roof water stored in barrels. At
Craigs there is a dip well conveniently situated, but liable to
contamination. The owner has been told that he must get the
well protected and erect a pump.
Falkirk Parish. - In Camelon the supply is from shallow wells,
of which four are public, and are provided with pumps. The most
of the others are simply dip wells, but it is understood that these
are not used for drinking or cooking, the public wells being chiefly
resorted to for these purposes. There is no scarcity of water even
in dry seasons.
Laurieston. - Water is taken mainly from two wells on the
public road. One is a pump well. The other overflows from a
covered tank at the roadside. The soil of the hill on which
Laurieston is built is of an open gravelly character, and is doubt-
less the source of the water, which must be liable to pollution from
the village houses and gardens. The supply is always abundant.
Glen Village has the old Falkirk Water Supply. It is got
by gravitation from the main pipe going to Falkirk. The
water is not piped into the houses, the supply being by a pillar
well. But the favourite source of water for the village is a dip
well at the entrance to the tunnel through which the Union Canal
passes. The water is said to be from a spring.
Bonnybridge gets water from pump wells. An analysis which I
made of the principal of these gave a very good result.
Muiravonside Parish. - In the two hamlets which form the
village of Blackbraes the supply is insufficient. In each there
is a running pipe well discharging surface water, but dependence
is placed chiefly on roof water stored in barrels and filtered through
an old stocking attached to the nozzle of the conductor.
Standrig has a dip well which gives a sufficient supply. But it
is situated on the face of a rising ground, and surface washings
from the gardens above are likely to find their way into the water.
Maddiston. - There was almost a water famine here last summer,
the water having to be carried about half-a-mile from a dip well in
Parkhall ground. At the side of the burn which flows through
the village two storage tanks have been built. But they are
below the level of the burn, and on analysing the water in the
tanks I found it to contain a large quantity of solid matter in

[Page] 67

solution, and a suspicious amount of chlorine. The owners of
property in the village have received notice that these tanks will
have to be closed, and that it will be their duty to arrange for a
proper supply. In winter a chief resort for water is to a running
pipe well at the burn side. I have not been able to ascertain its
exact source, but probably it is surface and subsoil water.
Slamannan Parish. - At Burn Row water is got from a dip well
at the roadside, at too great a distance from the houses.
At Binniehill, Southfield, and Loanhead there are dip wells.
At Slamannan, public pump wells on the street are the recognised
source of supply. There are also a number of private wells, chiefly
in gardens. No special scarcity was experienced last summer.
Limerigg and Lochside. - At Limerigg a well has been sunk at
the edge of the Black loch, about 150 yards from the nearest
houses. The supply never runs short but the quality is said to be
doubtful. Both in Limerigg and Lochside roof water is largely
Barnsmuir is supplied with water pumped from the coal
workings. Some of the miners complain of the quality of the
From these notes it will be seen that the water supply of a
great part of the District is in a most unsatisfactory condition.
At Laurieston there is a prospect of the introduction of the Falkirk
and Larbert supply, but in some of the villages great difficulty will
be experienced in solving the problems which present themselves
in this connection, and the whole subject demands the early and
serious attention of the District Committee.

There are three Special Drainage Districts - Stenhouse-
muir, Camelon, and Redding.
Stenhousemuir. - The chief provision is of open channels convey-
ing slop and surface water into two adjacent burns, which empty
into the Carron. A covered drain (the school drain) receives
sewage from the school and from some new buildings, and passes
into the Carron through ground belonging to the Carron Company.
This locality, along with Larbert, Camelon, Carron, and Carron-
shore, is at present being surveyed by Mr. J. A. Warren, C.E.,
with reference to the formation of a new Special Drainage

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