West Lothian volume 13

Page Continued entries/extra info List of names as written Various modes of spelling Authorities for spelling Situation Description remarks Transcriber's notes
OS1/34/13/1 [page] 1 Index Names of Objects -- Pages Borrowstounness Ph. [Parish] -- 3 Avon Bridge -- 20 Avon Bridge T.P. [Turn Pike] -- 20 Bridge (remains of) -- 30 Birchhill -- 49 Carse of Kinneil -- 5 Craigenbuck Quarry Sandstone -- 13 Cauld Wells -- 52 Dykeneuk -- 25 Deil's Kitchen -- 25 Dean -- 33 East Kerse Mains -- 24 Falcon House -- 52 Gil Burn -- 10 Hainings -- 23 Inveravon -- 19 Jinkabout Mill (corn) -- 19 Kinneil Kerse -- 6 Kinneil Iron Works -- 10 Kinneil Church (Remains of) -- 29 Kinneil Wood -- 33 Kinneil House -- 34 Kinneil Mill (Corn & Flour) -- 51 Muscle Bed -- 9 North Hainings -- 13 Nether Kinneil -- 23 River Avon -- 53 Rousland -- 47 Snab T.P. [Tunr Pike] -- 11 Snab Pits (Ironstone) -- 11 Snab Pier -- 12 Snab -- 12 Snab Cottage -- 12 Site of Standing Stone (Supposed memorial of Sir Gilbert Hamilton. (14th Century) -- 39 Site of Laughing Hill (Tumulus) -- 44 Tods Mill (Brick Manufactory) -- 49 Tower (Remains of) -- 15 Upper Hainings -- 21 Upper Kinneil School -- 43 Upper Kinneil -- 45 Woodhead -- 47 Monkland Railways Slamannan & Borrowstounness Railway -- 53 In this House James Watt constructed the Improved Steam Engine -- 31
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OS1/34/13/3 BORROWSTOUNNESS PARISH Borrowstounness Ph [Parish] 001 See Name Sheets for Sheet 1 No. 7
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OS1/34/13/5 CARSE OF KINNEIL Carse of Kinneil Carse of Kinneil Carse of Kinneil Carse of Kinneil Revd [Reverend] K. Mackenzie Minister Boness Mr Begg Manager at Kinneil Iron Works New Stat. Acct [Statistical Account] Mr Rutherford Schoolmaster 001 [Situation] In the NW. [North West] Corner of the parish of Borrowstounness A large tract of arable land, situated at the north west corner of the Parish of Borrowstounness. It is bounded on the west by the River Avon, on the north and east by the Frith of Forth, and on the south by a long brae, to the base of which the sea had washed, before the carse was enclosed. Its surface is below the level of high water mark, but it is protected by large embankments of earth.
OS1/34/13/5 [page] 5 Parish of Borrowstounness Sheet 1 -- Plan 5 -- Trace 1
OS1/34/13/6 KINNEIL KERSE Kinneil Kerse Kinneil Kerse Kinneil Kerse Kinneil Kerse Kinneil Kerse Kinneil Carse James Webster Banker Bo'ness Mr Begg Manager of Kinneil Iron Works John Mitchell Farmer Kinneil Kerse Rent Receipt Lease of Farm Forrests Co. [County] Map 001 [Situation] In the NW. [North West] Corner of the parish of Borrowstounness A small farm house two stories high with offices and thrashing machine, all in good repair. There is a garden and a small arable farm attached Tenanted by Andrew Mitche [Mitchell] The property of the Duke of Hamilton. I have been informed by Mr Begg, Manager of the Kinneil Iron Works, that this (Kerse) is the scotch word for Carse: and that the house received its name from the carse on which it stands. James Webster, Banker, who is Factor to the Duke of Hamilton, says Kerse, is used on all the property documents.
OS1/34/13/6 [page] 6 Parish of Borrowstounness Sheet 1 -- Plan 5 -- Trace 1 Note. Particular enquiry has been made as to the difference of spelling between the above name and that of the Carse of Kinneil in the foregoing page. To the enquiry sent to the field Mr J. Early C.A. [Civilian Assistant] has returned the following answer. - "This name is spelled "Kinneil Kerse in Lease and in Rent Receipts Mr Rutherford Schoolmaster Upper Kinneil also spells it Kerse not Carse he says when applied to a house *Kerse is the proper way and Carse when applied to a tract of land.-" *Although this remark of the schoolmaster is not correct as a general rule yet perhaps it would be as well to adopt his suggestion in this particular case
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OS1/34/13/9 MUSCLE SCALP Muscle Scalp Muscle Scalp Rev'd [Reverend] K. Mackenzie Minister Bo'ness [Borrowstouness] John Anderson Merchant Bo'ness [Borrowstouness] 001 [Situation] East side of the channel o the River Avon A large muscle bed situated between high, and low water, in front of Corbyhall, and a little to the east of the low water mark of the River Avon. The muscles are mostly covered with mud. The property of the Duke of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/9 [page] 9 Parish of Borrowstounness Sheet 1 -- Plan 6 -- Trace 1 Note: Scalp, Scaup. A bed of oysters or muscles. - Jamieson's Dictionary
OS1/34/13/10 GIL BURN Gil Burn William McGowan Snab Cowper Thwaite Snab Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] 001 A small burn having its source at a spring well a little to the south of the village of Borrowstoun. It runs from that in a northerly direction till it joins the Firth of Forth, a little to the west of the hamlet of Snab.
OS1/34/13/10 KINNEIL IRON WORKS Kinneil Iron Works See Name Sheets for Sheets 1 No. 7
OS1/34/13/10 [Page] 10 Parish of Borrowstounness Sheet 1 Plan 6 Trace 4 Situation Gil Burn: Runs into the Forth a little west of Snab Cottage
OS1/34/13/11 SNAB TOLL BAR Snab T.P. [Turn Pike] Snab T.P. [Turn Pike] William McGowan Snab Cowper Thwaite Snab 01 [Situation] At the South Side of the hamlet of Snab A small house one story high, and in good repair having a small garden attached. Occupied by J. Lockhart, who is collector. The property of the Trustees of Roads for the Borrowstounness District
OS1/34/13/11 SNAB PITS (Ironstone) Snab Pits Snab Pits William McGowan Snab Cowper Thwaite Snab 001 [situation] A few chains SSE [South South East] of Snab Two larger pits, the western one is 182 fathoms deep, 80 of which is through Snab Rock, they are searching for the old, Coal workings, but they have not yet been discovered. Its water, or pumping engine is 80 horse power, and the whole are in good repair. There is only 4 men employed at it. The eastern one is 72 fathoms deep, and has a pumping engine of about 80 horse power, and a winding engine about 30 horse power, all in good repair. there is nothing but ironstone work here, 300 tons of which is worked per day. It affords employment to about 160 men. The thickness of the seam is about 2 feet 6 inches. Tenanted by the Trustees of the late John Wilson Esqr. The property of the Duke of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/11 [Page] 11 Parish of Borrowstounness Sheet 1 -- Plan 6 -- Trace 4
OS1/34/13/12 SNAB PIER Snab Pier Snab Pier William McGowan Snab Cowper Thwaite Snab 001 [Situation] At the north Side of the hamlet of Snab A small Pier, situated in front of the hamlet of Snab, and the property of the Duke of Hamilton. From it at. high water, and from a rail way running parallel to it, Pig Iron is shipped from Kinneil Iron Works.
OS1/34/13/12 SNAB Snab Snab Snab William McGowan Snab Cowper Thwaite Snab Forrest's Co. [County] Map 001 [Situation] In the north end of the Ph of Borrowstounness A small hamlet, with houses ane and two stories high, all in good repair; having gardens attached. It is connected with Kinneil Iron Works, and is occupied by men employed at the work.
OS1/34/13/12 SNAB COTTAGE Snab Cottage William McGowan Snab Cowper Thwaite Snab 001 [Situation] At the west side of the hamlet of Snab A small house two stories high, with offices; all in good repair. There is a garden and some pasture land attached. Occupied by Mr Begg, Manager at Kinneil Iron Works, the property of the Duke of Hamilton
OS1/34/13/12 [page] 12 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 -- Plan 6 -- Trace 4
OS1/34/13/13 NORTH HAINNINGS North Hainnings North Hainnings North Hainnings Haining Haining A Kirkwood Farmer Hainings George Kirkwood Farmer North Hainings Rent Receipts Valn [Valuation] Roll of the Co. [County] Forrest's Co. [County] map 001 [Situation] In the west end of the parish of Borrowstounness A small farm house one story high, with offices and thrashing machine, all in good repair. There is a garden, and a small arable farm attached. Tenanted by George Kirkwood; the property of the Duke of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/13 CRAIGENBUCK QUARRY (Sandstone) Craigenbuck Quarry Craigenbuck Quarry A Kirkwood Farmer Hainnings George Kirkwood Farmer North Hainnings 001 [Situation] 9 chains South of North Hainnings A small sandstone quarry situated a little to the west of Hainnings farm house; and on the property of the Duke of Hamilton. It is not at present being worked. It owes its name to the circumstance of being near a rock called Craigenbuck, which rock has been removed during the opperations of the quarry.
OS1/34/13/13 [page] 13 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 -- Plan 9 -- Trace 1
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OS1/34/13/15 TOWER Old Vault Mr Rutherford SchoolmasterUpper Kinneil Mr. Thompson Inneravon 001 [Situation] About 5 chains west of Inveravon An old circular building a short distance westward of the farm house of Inneravon, It seems to have been strongly built, as the wall is between three and four feet in thickness It is supposed to be the remains of a Roman Watch Tower, and the supposition is borne out by its being on the Eastern end of what seems to have been at one time, a large encampment or Military Station, evidently from its appearance Roman, There are none in this locality ever heard tell of a Castle being erected here,
OS1/34/13/15 [Page] 15 Parish of Borrowstownness -- Sheet 1 -- No 9 -- Trace 2 [Note] From enquiry lately made in the locality concerning this object and from the remarks of, late topographical writers it appears to be the general belief that it is the remains of Some baronial residence the owner of which is long since forgotten. The remains at present existing is that of a circular tower about 15 feet high and which originally must have been much higher. Therefore Tower (Remains of) is now recommended to be written on plan.
OS1/34/13/15A [page] 15A Ordnance Survey Office 13 Royal Circus. - Edinburgh 18th March 1856 The accounts concerning the object called Old Vault, are so different and uncertain that it is considered necessary to defer writing any designation to it on plan until further research will be made when making research for the site of the Roman Wall (see note concerning the letter sent to O.M.O. [Ordnance Manuscripts Office] a few days since). The object called Roman Camp in the following page will be also investigated at the same time. Please return this Name Book from O.M.O. [Ordnance Manuscripts Office] when convenient, for the above purpose.
OS1/34/13/16 [Page] 16 Parish of Borrowstounness Sheet 1-- No 9 -- Trace 2 [Blank page]
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OS1/34/13/19 JINKABOUT MILL Jinkabout Mill (Corn) Jinkabout Mill (Corn) Jinkabout Mill (Corn) john Henderson Occupier George Kirkwood Farmer N [North] Hainnings Forrest's Co [County] map 001 [Situation] 34 chains west of Inveravon A large building two storeys high, used as a Corn Mill, having 2 large wheels, propelled by water; also adjoining the Mill is the dwelling house, with offices attached, all in good repair. there is a vegetable garden and small farm attached: the whole in the occupation of John Henderson, and the property of his Grace the Duke of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/19 INVERAVON Inneravon Inneravon Inneravon and Inveravon Inver Avon Inver-avon Mr William Walker Occupier John Henderson Jinkabout Mill New Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] Forrest's Co. [County] Map Old Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] 001 [Situation] In the west end of the Ph. [Parish] of Borrowstounness A large farmhouse two storeys high with very extensive offices and thrashing machine, all in excellent repair, there is a vegetable garden, and farm of 220 acres attached, at present in the occupation of Mr William Walker, and the property of his Grace, the Duke of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/19 [page] 19 Parish of Borrowstounness Sheet 1 -- No 9 -- Trace 2
OS1/34/13/19 JINKABOUT MILL In Situation has the following note underneath: 34 chains west of Inveravon Inveravon In Situation has the following note underneath: In the west end of the Ph [ Parish] of Borrowstonness The word Inner or more correctly Inver is the Gaelic, Inbhir - A confluence of water; the mouth of a river. Note the word Inbhir is pronouncednearly like Inver.
OS1/34/13/20 Avon Bridge Avon Bridge Avon Bridge Thomas Kincaid Avon Bridge TP [Turn Pike] George Kirkwood North Hainnings 001 [Situation] On the River Avon, West end of the Ph. [Parish] of Borrowstounness A large stone bridge, having 5 arches, spanning the River Avon, and dividing the Counties of Linlithgow, and Stirling. and situated on the road leading from Borrowstouness to Grangemouth
OS1/34/13/20 Avon Bridge T.P. Avon Bridge TP [Turn Pike] Avon Bridge TP [Turn Pike] Thomas Kincaid Collector George Kirkwood North Hainnings 001 [Situation] At the NW. [North West] end of Avon Bridge This name is given to the Gate on the Road leading from Borrowstouness to Grangemouth; attached is the Collector's Cottage, one story high, and in good repair; used also for the sale of spirituous liquors and ales -- the property of the Earl of Zetla [Zetland] and the Duke of Hamilton, and occupied by Thomas Kincaid.
OS1/34/13/20 [Page] 20 Parish of Borrowstouness -- Sheet 1 No 9 Trace 2
OS1/34/13/20 Name lost in fold of page.
OS1/34/13/21 UPPER HAINNINGS Upper Hainnings Upper Hainnings William Walker Tenant, Inveravon John Pollock Occupier 001 [Situation] 26 Chains E by N. [East by North] of Inveravon A small house one storey high formerly used as a farm house, having a small vegetable garden attached; it is in good repair. on the farm which was originally attached to the house is now added to Inveravon and is tenanted by William Walker Esq. and is occupied by his Foreman John Pollock. &. the property of his Grace the Duke of Hamilton
OS1/34/13/21 [Page] 21 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1-- No 9 -- Trace 3
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OS1/34/13/23 HAINNINGS Hainnings Hainnings Haining Haining Hainnings Hainnings Hainnings Hainnings Alexander Kirkwood Occupier George Kirkwood North Hainnings Forrest's Co [County] Map Valn [Valuation] Roll of Co [County] Mr Rutherford Schoolmaster Mr Thompson Upper Kinneil Rent Receipts Lease of farm 001 [Situation] About 1½ mile W by S [West by South] of Kinneil House A small farm house one storey high with suitable offices and thrashing machine, all in good repair, there is a small vegetable garden and farm of 54 acres attached, presently occupied by Alexander Kirkwood, and the property of his grace the Duke of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/23 NETHER KINNEIL Nether Kinneil Nether Kinneil Robert Learmonth, Occupier Alexander Kirkwood, Hainnings 001 [Situation] About ¾ mile WSW [West South West] of Kinneil House. A small farm house, ome storey high and slated, having suitable offices and thrashing machine, all in very good repair; there is a small vegetable garden and farm of 70 acres attached, in the occupation of Robert Learmonth, and the property of the Duke of Hamilton
OS1/34/13/23 [Page] 23 Parish of Borrowstouness -- Sheet 1-- No 10 -- Trace 1
OS1/34/13/24 EAST KERSE MAINS East Kerse Mains East Kerse Mains Alexander Mitchell Occupier Robert Learmonth Nether Kinneil 001 [Situation] ¾ mile W by S [West by South] of Kinneil House A middling size farm house one storey high, with suitable offices and thrashing machine, all in good repair, there is a vegetable garden. and small farm of 60 acres attached, presently occupied by Alexander Mitchell and the property of the Duke of Hamilton
OS1/34/13/24 [Page] 24 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No 10 -- Trace 1
OS1/34/13/25 DYKENEUK Dykeneuk Dykeneuk Dykeneuk James Anderson Labour Dykeneuk William Brown Labour Deil's Cottage Forrests Co. [County] map 001 [Situation] About 3/8 mile west of Kinneil House A long Cottage one story high in good repair, at present occupied by Andrew Cunningham and James Anderson, it is the property of the Duke of Hamilton
OS1/34/13/25 DEIL's KITCHEN Deil's Kitchen Deil's Kitchen William Brown Laborer Deil's Kitchen James Anderson Labour Dykeneuk 001 [Situation] About 17 Chains W by N. [West by North] of Kinneil House A small cottage one story high tiled and in good repair, at present in the occupation of William Brown Labour and is the property of the Duke of Hamilton
OS1/34/13/25 [page] 25 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No 10 -- Trace 2
OS1/34/13/26 KINNEIL CHURCH 001 The ruins of the Old parish church and the burying ground of Kinneil are still to be seen a little west from Kinneil House. No. records remain; but the inhabitants of the barony still observe some old customs connected with the ancient parish; and there are a few relics which they hold in veneration and preserve with great care. The communion table linen and part of the Communion and other articles are in the possession on Mr William Thomson farmer Upper Kinneil. About the year 1634, the inhabitants of Bo'ness induced by the increasing prosperity and importance of the place and considering the parish church at Kinneil at an inconvennient distance from the town, built a place of worship for themselves. The minister of the parish to accommodate the inhabitants of the town preached in this place of wors [worship] as well as in the parish church of Kinneil till the year 1649 when a petition was presented to the parliament of Scotland for a disjunction from Kinneil and a separate min [minister]. Parliament granted the prayer of the petition and after several visitations the presbytery of Linlithgow found it necessary that Bo'ness should be erected into a parish by itself, bounded on the south by Graham's Dike, on the north by the sea, on the east by Thirlestone, and on the west by the Castle wall Commonly called "Capie's Wall". Some objection appears to have been made to the measure as it was effected whilst James Duke of Hamilton the sole proprietor of the lands and teinds of the parish
OS1/34/13/26 [page] 26 Parish of Borrowstounness Sheet 1 -- No. 10 -- Trace 3
OS1/34/13/27 KINNEIL CHURCH 001 [Continued] was detained in England. However in December 1669 William and Anne Duke and Duchess of Hamilton obtained an Act of the Scots Parliament declaring the church built within the town to be "the Kirk of the hail barony of Kinneil and Bo'ness" From that period the parishes have been united and considered as one. The inhabitants of the barony have ceased to inter at Kinneil, as burying-ground has been provided near the Bo'ness churchyard. In the latter are several expensively sculptured monuments, some of which were erected by families now extinct whose names have been obliterated to give place to others. -- New Stat. Acct [Statistical Account] of Co. [County] Linlithgow page 142.
OS1/34/13/27 [page] 27 The ruins of the old church of Kineil with its burying-ground are Still to be seen a little westward of Kineil House which was once dignified by the residence of the Dukes of Hamilton and was ruined by the reformers as we have seen.The two parishes with the old and new stipends were now merged in one parish. In 1672 an act of parliament was made and passed for the express of repairing the Kirk of Borrowstounness -- Penny's History page 153 It was formerly mentioned that Bo'ness is an united parish. A little west from Kinniel House the ruins of the old church and burying ground of Kinniel are still to be seen. -- Old Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] vol. [volume] 18 page 437
OS1/34/13/28 [page] 28 [Kinneil Church Continued] Prior to the middle of the 17th Century Kinniel was the name of the parish but the inhabitants of Borrowstounness having built a church for themselves the town was created a separate parish. In 1669 the Duke of Hamilton procured an act of parliament for unit [uniting] the two districts and since that time the old landward church of Kinniel has been negl [neglected] though the burying ground remains. -- Fullarton's Gazetteer of Scotland.
OS1/34/13/29 Kinneil Church (Remains of) Remains of Church W. Wilson Esq. The Dean William Thomson Farmer Upper Kinneil 001 [Situation] 5 Chains W [West] by N. [North] of Kinneil House This is the Remains of what was many years ago the Parish Church of Kinniel, there is only one wall of it standing now at the west end, which is about 30 feet high and 3 feet thick, it is situated close to, and to the north west of, Kinneil House there is still visible a portion of the Grave Yard, and several very old tomb stones: one of the tomb stones, bears date 1601. - and is placed over the remains of one of the sons of the Duke of Hamilton, it was at one period the parish burying ground for Kinniel Parish; and also the burying ground for the Dukes of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/29 [Page] 29 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No 10 -- Trace 3 [Note] -- G. [German] Text [Note] -- See historical account in the three preceding pages.
OS1/34/13/30 BRIDGE (Remains of) Remains of Roman Bridge William Wilson Esq. The Dean Revd. [Reverend] Mr. McKenzie Borrowstouness 001 [Situation] About 5 chains S. by E. [South by East] of Kinneil House. This is pointed out in the locali [locality] as the Remains of the Bridge built by the Romans to convey the wall of Antoninus across the small burn that runs close to Kinniel House; the only portions at present visible are the two p [piers] or abutments that supported [the] arch: from the appearance [of] the ground there can be no d [doubt] but that this was the spot w [where] a bridge once stood and that Mr. McKenzie of Borrowstoun [Borrowstounness] and other intelligent pers [persons] in the locality, speak of hav [having] heard years ago very old p [persons] make mention of this spot bei [being a] place where a Roman Bridge once stood.
OS1/34/13/30 [Page] 30 Parish of Borrowstouness -- Sheet 1 No 10 -- Trace 3
OS1/34/13/30 Words lost in fold of page.
OS1/34/13/31 IN THIS HOUSE JAMES WATT CONSTRUCTED THE IMPROVED STEAM ENGINE House where Watt Constructed the Improved Engine Mr. Rutherford Upper Kinneil Revd. [Reverend] Mr. McKenzie Borrowstounness 001 [Situation] About 7 chains NE [North East]of Kinneil House This house which stands on the North side of the stable yard belonging to Kinneil House is pointed out as the house in which the Celebrated Watt Constructed the improved Engine,
OS1/34/13/31 [page] 31 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No. 10 -- Trace 3
OS1/34/13/31 See following page for further information.
OS1/34/13/32 [page] 32 Sheet 1 No. 10 The celebrated James Watt matured Some of his improvements on the Steam Engine duri [during] his residence at Kinneil House. In 1769 Mr. Watt on the recommendation of Dr. Black of Glasgow entered into an engagement with Dr. Roebuck of Carron Ironworks, a man equally eminent for kindness of heart ability and enterprise. Dr. Roebuck at this time rented the coal works on the estate of Kinneil. Under the Superintendence of Mr. Watt a small Steam-engine was constructed at Kinneil House. The Cylinder was of block &. was 18 inches diameter. The first experiment was made at one of the Coal mines and the action of the engine far surpassed even the Sanguine expectations of the proprietors. Indeed so great was Watt's success that he procured a patent for Saving Steam &. fuel in fire-engines. Another place hower was destined to be the field of his prosperous career. The pecuniary difficulties in which Dr. Roeb [Roebuck] became at this time involved checked the proceedings at Kinneil and soon afterwards Mr. Watt formed a connection with Mr. Boulton under the celebrated firm, Boulton, Watt &, Co, [Company] So [Soho Foundry] Birmingham. The building at Kinneil in which Watt constructed the improved engine Sti [Still] remains, -- Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] of Linlithgowshire 1843 page 131-2-
OS1/34/13/33 DEAN Dean Dean Dean William Wilson Esq Occupier William McGowan Snab Forrest's Co. [County] map 001 [Situation] About 23 chains E by N. [East by North] of Kinneil House. A neat dwelling house 2 storeys high and slated, with offices and vegitable and flower garden attached presently occupied by William Wilson Esq. Tenant of Kinneil Iron Works and the property of his Grace the Duke of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/33 KINNEIL WOOD Kinneil Wood Kinneil Wood William Wilson Esq. The Dean William Thomson Farmer Upper Kinneil 001 [Situation] From 12 to 35 Chains south of Kinneil House A large tract of ground, enclosed and consisting of natural wood; there are several wide walks running through it, and in the centre is a small cottage occupied by the Gamekeeper employed on the estate of Kinneil, and also a dog Kennel and Aviary, it forms part of the Kinneil estate and is leased by W. Wilson Esq. the Dean, and the property of the Duke of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/33 [Page] 33 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No 10 -- Trace 3
OS1/34/13/34 Kinneil House Kinneil House Kinneil House Kinneil House Kinneil House Kinneil House Palace of Kineil Kinniel House William Wilson Esq. The Dean W. Thomson Farmer Upper Kinneil New Stat. Acct.[Statistical Account] Forrest's Co. [County] map Penney's Linlithgow Sibbald's History Old Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] 001 [Situation] In the northern portion of the parish of Borrowstounness An old building, of the class denominated Peel., 5 storeys [high] with offices, and an extensive fruit and flower garden attach [attached] a small nursery: it is pleasa [pleasantly] situated close to the Firth of Fo [Forth] and has an extensive domain; t [there] is a fine avenue in the approac [approach to] the House; with large trees ea [each] side: there are also several ne [neat] cottages contiguous to the mansion [in] which the different laborers on t [the] estate reside: the Domain, with offices. Cottages etc. is rented by W. Wilson of The Dean; but the House is unoccupied with the exception of an elderly woman who lives [there] for the purpose of Keeping it clean etc. the wh [whole] is the property of his Grace the Duke of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/34 [Page] 34 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No 10 -- Trace 3
OS1/34/13/34 Words lost in fold of page. For further information, see following pages.
OS1/34/13/35 [page] 35 Parish of Borrowstounness--Sheet 1 No. 10 Trace 3 [Continued from previous page] Kinneil House one of the family seats of the Duke of Hamilton is the most remarkable building in the parish. The barony of Kinneil is one of the most ancient possessions of the house of Hamilton and is associated with some interesting events in the history of that noble family. According to "Ffrier Mark. Hamiltone's Historie" King Robert the Bruce gave all the lands of Kinneil to Sir Gilbert Hamilton, "for his trew service and greit manheid" and especially for having slain "the greit Lieutenant of Yngland upon Kynnale Muir". From the same authority we learn that this Sir Gilbert had been with The Bruce in the field of Bannockburn and was one of the seven Knights that Kept the Kings person. For this Sir Gilberts exploit upon Kynnale Muir, "King Robert gaif till him his arms till weir in Scot- land thre sink fuilzies in ane bluidy feild". The Descendants of Sir Gilbert have held the lands and barony of Kinneil by various Charters from the Kings of Scotland. One of the earliest is dated July 28th 1323 granted by Robert I., in favour of Walter the son of Gilbert. A charter of the lands and barony of Kinnail was granted to James the first Lord Hamilton who in 1474 married the Countess of Arran which event connected the house of Hamilton with the Royal family of Scotland. When the Duke of Charterherault was Regent he made large repairs upon Kinneil [Continued on next page]
OS1/34/13/36 [page] 36 Borrowstounness Parish -- Sheet 1 No. 10 -- Trace 3 [Kinneil House continued] House. Considerable alterations were made upon it by Duchess Anne and Duke Will [William] who according to Sibbald greatly embellished it. Probably at this period, the old Castle or Keep was modernized in the front but not in good taste. The battlement was converted int [into] a cornice and ballusters; the windows were enlarged and a stair case was erected at each end. A wi [wing] projecting eastward was erected on the north and apparently a corresponding wing was intended to [have] been placed on the south so as to form three sides of a Square. Kinneil House is built on the edge of a bank about sixty feet above the level of the sea and is surrounded with a considerable quantity of natural wood. The approach is from the east a [along] a beautiful avenue of aged trees. From the roof of the main building which is flat and cove [covered] with lead there is an extensive and beautiful prospect. The admirable situation of Kinneil House and the natural beauties connected with it warrant Sibbald's magnificint description of this "princely seat", But the hand of time has changed the scene; the natural beauties of the pl [place] remain but those of art which Sibbald so much admired have been effaced and the inter [internal] decorations are gone. The numerous and spacious apartments of Kinneil House are at present uninhabited. Though in former times it was the abode of nobles and the retreat of Kings, the present generation will regard it rather as the favourite residence of the philosopher and philanthropist . The cele [celebrated] Dugald Stewart resided here about 20 years and from this place he has dated most of those works which are the unperishable monuments of his genius. etc. -- New Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] of Co. [County] Linlithgow page 130-
OS1/34/13/36 Further information on following page.
OS1/34/13/37 [page] 37 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No. 10 [Kinneil House continued] The Duke of Hamilton is proprietor and superior and superior of the whole parish of Borrowstounness except the faim of Muirhouse afterwards to be mentioned it holds of the crown by a charter from Charles II. His Grace the present Duke never resided in the parish. The House of Kinniel an ancient seat of that noble family is large and habitable. It is built on the top of a beautiful bank about 50 feet above the level of the sea. The architecture seems ancient though not of a Gothic appearance. The main house fronts east is 4 stories high with two large turrets. Many of the rooms are neat and in good order. Some of them are Spacious and the finest figures wrought in tapestry are to be seen in perfect preservation. From the high Story you ascend by a cupola to a flat lead roof which is surrounded by a parapet wall several feet high and the spectator securely enjoys at one an extensively variegated and grand prospect. At some distant period a wing has been added to the north end of the house containing Some elegant apartments. The house is surrounded by two gardens by large enclosures and by aged planting which forms beautiful natural vistas and though now uninhabited in other times it was the residence of nobility and the retreat of Kings. -- Old Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] volume XVIII [18] page 425-6
OS1/34/13/38 [page] 38 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No. 10 [Note] Stat Acct [Statistical Account] page 130 [Blank page]
OS1/34/13/39 Site of STANDING STONE (Supposed Memorial of Sir Gilbert Hamilton Site of Old Mile Stone Site of Old Mile Stone Site of Old Mile Stone Revd. [Reverend] Mr McKenzie Mr. Rutherford Upper Kinneil Mr. Johnston Bo'ness 001 [Situation] About 1 mile SW. [South West] of Kinneil House This marks the place where a Stone about Seven feet high Stood, And which is said to have been placed here as a Memorial of a battle which took place between Gilbert Hamilton and the Great Lieutenant of England in which the latter lost his life, The stone stood by the side of a road which passed here and was well known by the name of the Old Mile Stone, both road and stone have been removed long since There could be no other tradition found in the Neighbourhood in Connection with this Stone, [continued on page 42]
OS1/34/13/39 [Page] 39 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No 10 -- Trace 5 [Note] -- G. [German] Text [Note] From the account of this Stone in the following page taken from the Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] it will be seen that it was a Standing Stone of memorial, That it was erected in Commemoration [of] Sir Gilbert Hamilton and of the victory gained by him over the [Lieutenant] of England is very probable from all the Circumstance in connection with this personage. Also altho' [although] the date of the deed is not given it is evident it must be during the time of Robert the Bruce or between his first raising the Standard of Scottish freedom [in] 1306 and that of the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, And as the vulgar name, "Old Mile Stone" is neither descriptive of the object and besides conveys an erroneous idea of its origin, therefore the phraseology recommended above it is expected will meet approval O,M,O, [Ordnance Manuscript Office]
OS1/34/13/40 [page] 40 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No. 10 [Kinneil House continued] According to "Ffrier Mark Hamilton's Historie" King Robert the Bruce gave all the lands of Kinneil to Sir Gilbert Hamilton "for his trew service and greit manheid" and especially for having Slain "the greit Lieutenant of Yngland upon Kinnale Muir" From the same authority we learn that this Sir Gilbert had been with the Bruce in the fie [field] of Bannockburn and was one of the Seven Knights that kept the King's person. For Sir Gilbert's exploit upon Kinnale Muir "King Robert gaif till him his armis till w [weir] in Scotland thre sinkfuilzies in ane bluedy feild." The descendants of Sir Gibert have held the lands and barony of Kinneil by various charters from the Kings of Scotlands. One of the earliest is dated July 28th 1323 granted by Robert I. in favour of Walter the son [of] Gilbert. A charter of the lands and barony of Kinneil was granted to James the first Lo [Lord] Hamilton who in 1474 married the Countess of Arran, which event connected the house of Hamilton with the royal family of Scotland. In a place formerly Known as Kinneil Muir a remarkable Stone lay near the road w [which] used to be a thoroughfare between Linlithgow and Falkirk, or Stirling.It was seven feet five broad and three feet thick. Its upper surface had been roughly dressed a groove ha [had] been cut round the border and a cross in the centre. It had a monumental appearance b [but] there is no vestige of tradition regarding. Excepting the achievement of Sir Gilbert the is no remarkable event associated with the locality.About 20 years ago the [there] [continued on following page]
OS1/34/13/40 Words lost in fold of page.
OS1/34/13/41 [page] 41 [Standing Stone continued from page 39] stone being an obstruction to the plough was blown to pieces and removed New Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] of Linlithgowshire page 130
OS1/34/13/42 [page] 42 [Blank page]
OS1/34/13/43 UPPER KINNEIL SCHOOL Upper Kinneil School Mr Rutherford Schoolmaster Mr Thompson Farmer Upper Kinneil 001 A small house on the farm of Upper Kinneil, used as a school house where children receive and ordinary English education There is an average attendance of about 30 or 40 pupils of both sexes,The master Mr Rutherford derives his salary Part, from the Duke of Hamilton Part from the Heritors of the adjoining district and the remainder in School fees from the Children together with a free house And Garden.
OS1/34/13/43 [page] 43 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No 10 -- Trace 5
OS1/34/13/44 Site of LAUGHING HILL Site of the Laughing Hill (Tumulus) Site of the Laughing Hill (Tumulus) Site of the Laughing Hill (Tumulus) Mr Rutherford Schoolmaster Upper Kinneil Mr Thompson Farmer, Upper Kinneil New Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] 001 [Situation] About ¾ mile SSW. [South South West] of Kinneil House. A small eminence in a field on the farm of Upper Kinneil a short distance East of the farm house, On its being removed in January 1830, there were found four Stone Coffins and four Urns. In the Urns were found Calcined bones and in the Coffins Ashes. Neither coffins or Urns have been preserved. There was particular Search made for Coins or other Relics but nothing of the kind were found. The present School And Farm of Upper Kinneil were from the time the Knoll began to be taken away untile it was altogether removed. The Knoll was Composed of small stones intermixed with Clay and was 54 feet diameter by 8 or 9 feet in height, I can supply the original document from which the Statistical Acct. [Account] was taken if it be thought necessary. [initialled] J.E
OS1/34/13/44 [page] 44 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No. 10 -- Trace 5 Written across the page: "Near the farm Steading of Upper Kinneil and a little South of the Roman Wall there was a small tumulus or Cairn locally Known by the name of the Laughing Hill. On its being opened to obtain Stones for drains four stone coffins and four Urns were found. The coffins contained black mould and the urns which were full of human bones were inverted and placed upon flat stones. Probably the bodies were burned and after the calcined bones were collected and put into the urns the remaining ashes were put into the coffins. The bones when first discovered were almost white but when exposed to the air they very soon became black and crumbled to dust. Several pieces of charcoal were found amongst them." -- New Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] of Linlithgow page 129.
OS1/34/13/45 UPPER KINNEIL Upper Kinneil Upper Kinneil Mr William Thompson Farmer Upper Kinneil Mr A. Johnston Farmer Woodhead 001 [Situation] About 7/8 mile SW by S. [South West by South] of Kinneil House A commodious farmhouse one story high and slated, with offices and thrashing Mill all in good repair there are also a vegetable garden and large farm attached all in the occupation of Mr William Thompson, and is the property of the Duke of Hamilton
OS1/34/13/45 [page] 45 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No. 10 -- Trace 5
OS1/34/13/46 [page] 46 [Blank page]
OS1/34/13/47 WOODHEAD Woodhead Woodhead Woodhead Alexander Fleming Farmer Rousland Alexander Johnston Farmer Woodhead Forrest's Co. [County] map 001 [Situation] 43 Chains South of Kinneil House. A commodious farm house, one story high, with suitable offices and thrashing mill attached - all in good repair: There is also a large garden and a large farm all in the occupation of Mr. Alexander Johnston, and is the property of the Duke of Hamilton
OS1/34/13/47 ROUSLAND Rousland Rousland Rousland Alexander Johnston Farmer Woodhead Alexander Fleming Farmer Rousland Forrest's Co. [County] map 001 [Situation] about ¾ mile S by W. [South by West] of Kinneil House. A good farm house one story high having suitable offices and thrashing mill attached, all in good repair, there is also a vegetable garden, and a large farm all in the occupation of Mr. Alexander Fleming:- it is the property of the Duke of Hamilton
OS1/34/13/47 [Page] 47 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No. 10 -- Trace 6
OS1/34/13/48 [page] 48 [Blank page]
OS1/34/13/49 BIRCHHILL Birchhill Birchhill Mr William Thomson Farmer Upper Kinneil Mr William Walker Inveravon Forrest's Co. [County] map 001 [Situation] In the south side of the ph. [parish] of Borrowstounness This was formerly a farm steading, but now used as dwelling houses for agricultural laborers: there are two rows of cottages, and a large vegetable garden attached, tenanted by Mr William Thomson farmer, Upper Kinneil, and occupied by agricultural laborers employed on the farm of Upper Kinneil. and the property of the Duke of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/49 TOD'S MILL (Brick Manufactory) Tod's Mill (Brick manufactory) Tod's Mill (Brick manufactory) Tod's Mill Tod's Mill Mr George Kirkwood North Hainnings Mr Robertson Occupier Borrowstounness Forrest's Co. [County] map New Stat. Acct. [Statistical Account] 001 [Situation] In the South Side of the ph. [parish] of Borrowstounness on the north side of the River Avon A building used for the purpose of making bricks situated close to the River Avon; the machinery is worked by a wheel propelled by water. it is presently leased and worked by Mr Robertson of Borrowstouness, and is the property of his Grace the Duke of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/49 [Page] 49 Parish of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No 14 -- Trace
OS1/34/13/50 [page] 50 [Blank page]
OS1/34/13/51 KINNEIL MILLS Kinneil Mills (Corn & Flour) Kinneil Mills (Corn & Flour) Mr Fleming Tenant Mr J. Rutherford Teacher, Kinneil 001 [Situation] In the south side of the ph [parish] of Borrowstounness A large range of buildings, on the side of the River Avon & consisting of Flour, oats & barley mills - Kiln, Malt lofts store etc. The Mills are worked by two water wheels, each 16 feet by four. The dwelling house, which is two storeys high, very neat & in good repair, with a long low range of out Offices stand a little apart from the mills. There is a small flower garden & a large vegetable garden attached. It is occupied by Mr. Fleming & is the property of the Duke of Hamilton.
OS1/34/13/51 [page] 51 Ph [Parish] of Borrowstounness -- Sheet 1 No 14 -- Trace 2
OS1/34/13/52 CAULD WELLS Cauld Wells Cauld Wells William Thomson Kinniel Mr. J. Rutherford Teacher 001 [Situation] In the South Side of the parish of Borrowstounness Two very fine sping wells about half a mile N.W. [North-West] of Kinniel Mills, they are surroun [surrounded] by a small bleaching ground Contiguous, is a small Wash h [house]
OS1/34/13/52 FALCON HOUSE Falcon House Falcon House Mr Fleming Mr J. Rutherford Teacher 001 [Situation] In the South Side of the parish of Borrowstounness A small, low, thatched hou [house] divided into two dwellings One Storey high & occupied by laborers, The property of Mr Flemming Rusiland
OS1/34/13/52 [Page] 52 Ph. [Parish] of Borrowstouness -- Sheet 1 No. 14 -- Trace 2
OS1/34/13/52 Words lost in fold of page.
OS1/34/13/53 RIVER AVON River Avon See Name Sheets for Sheet 5 No 2 parish of Linlithgow
OS1/34/13/53 MONKLAND RAILWAYS SLAMANNAN & BORROWSTOUNNESS RAILWAY Monkland Railways Slamannan & Borrowstounness Railway See Name Sheets for Sheet 1 No 7
OS1/34/13/53 [page] 53 [signed] RD Kerr Capt RE [Captain, Royal Engineers] 19 March 1856 -- [signed] James Carpenter C. Asst. [ Civilian Assistant] 18 March 1856
OS1/34/13/54 [Page] 54 OSI/34/13 Co. [COUNTY] LINLITHGOW SHEET 1 No. 5,6,9,10, 13, & 14 PARISH OF BORROWSTOUNNESS.

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