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Parish of Jedburgh County of Roxburgh

diversified by hills and dales. The deep and furrow like vale of Jed Water runs through its entire length the surface of which on both sides rises undulating to a height of 300 feet above the stream and which is cut by numerous ravines and occasionally varied by hillocks. The North western district is sheep pasture. The two other divisions slightly diversified by hillocks and dales form part of an extensive plain, the surface at the southern extremity rapidly descending from the water shedding line of the Cheviots. The greatest elevations are on the Southern boundary which are secondary features on the Cheviot range and attain a height of upwards of 1100 feet. That which is next most conspicuous is Dunian Moor in the N Wn [North Western] district and which forms the base of the prominent Duninan Hill in Bedrule. The Nn [Northern] division is watered by the River Teviot which forms for about 3 1/2 miles the Nn [Northern] boundary. Oxnam Water at the NE [North East] and Jed Water on the Southern boundary which intersects this division from South to North where it falls into the Teviot. The other divisions are also well watered by perennial springs and minor streams, some of the former possessing medicinal qualities. A branch of Railway from the North British line enters the northern district and forms a communication between Kelso and the town of Jedburgh. The Carlisle and Berwick Turnpike road runs along he vale of the Teviot at a short distance south of that stream - the Edinburgh and Newcastle road for about 1/2 mile after entering the Parish on the North is identical with the former running South along the vale of the Jed two lines then diverge respectively towards Carlisle and Newcastle. Limestone, Iron and Coal have been found none of which have been successfully wrought. Jedburgh a royal burgh and the county town of Roxburghshire occupies a romantic and very beautiful site on the west of Jed Water in the Nn [Northern] division of Parish. It is also the seat of a presbytery and a Circuit Court of Justiciary and is governed by a council, consisting of a Provost, four bailies, a dean of guild and eighteen ordinary councillors - it also unites with Haddington, North Berwick, Lauder and Dunbar in sending a member to Parliament. Its revenues amount to about £573 per annum. It is entitled to hold two markets weekly. The general aspect of its streets combines cleanness and spaciousness with a struggle between dinginess and antiquated loutishness in the street from the Jail to the market cross. In it are a Town and County Hall, Jail a Parish Church and School, four branch banks, two United Presbyterian an Independent and Free Churches also an Episcopal and Sessional Schools, Post Office, Gas Marks, various Inns and Woollen Manufacturies. The population may be about 4,300. The principal heritor of the district is the Marquiss of Lothian. Population of the Parish at the last census 5,476.

The celebrated Roman Road called Watling Street the central one of that people into Scotland traces for some distance the southern boundary of the En [Eastern ] district in the Nn [Northern] division of Parish and thereafter passing through it in a NWn [North Western] direction it leaves the Parish at a point about 1/2 mile above the junction of Jed Water and River Teviot on the Nn [Northern] Boundary. This road can be distinctly traced from near Cocked Head at the SEn [ South Eastern] extremity of the adjoining Parish of Oxnam to Carriden or perhaps more correctly Caerridden - on the Firth of Forth. Traces of ancient encampments exist in several localities variously termed in district Forts and Camps which are of similar formation to those hitherto characterized as such on Plans. "The most interesting of these ancient remains says the New Statistical Account is the celebrated Camp at Lintalee, described in Barber's Bruce, which was formed by Douglas for the defence of the borders during the absence of Bruce in Ireland". There is no Authority to show if this Camp was constructed anterior to that event. A large stone near Heartrigge is characterized by Lord Campbell as a Runic Altar, but Statl Accts [Statistical Accounts] afirm it to have formed

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Skinnb1- Moderator, SuzyC1978

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