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These facts will explain the remarkable results of
the analysis of the water supply which I shall refer to
later on.

Population - Results of 1891 Census.
The population of the whole County, including
Burghs, according to the last census in 1891, is 37,306.
In 1881 the population was 37,700. In that decennial
period, the parishes of Aberlady, North Berwick,
Ormiston, Pencaitland, Prestonpans, and Tranent
alone show an increase. In all probability the increase
is entirely in the number of the inhabitants in the
burghs or villages of these parishes. As North Berwick
parish has increased by 350, Tranent by 272, and the
other four parishes are responsible for 319, some idea
may be inferred of the depopulation in the more rural
parishes in the County.
It will be well to keep these facts in mind in consider-
ing the formation of special Drainage Districts or of any
expensive scheme of sewerage which may seem most
desirable in the interests of public health.
Under the Local Government Act for administrative
purposes, the County is divided into two Districts - the
Eastern and Western.

Division of County into Districts.
The EASTERN DISTRICT is formed by nine
parishes - Dunbar, Innerwick, North Berwick, Oldham-
stocks, Prestonkirk, Spott, Stenton, Whitekirk and
Tynninghame, and Whittinghame.
The WESTERN DISTRICT comprises the parishes
of Aberlady, Athelstaneford, Bolton, Dirleton, Garvald,
Gladsmuir, Haddington, Humbie, Morham, Ormiston,
Pencaitland, Prestonpans, Salton, Tranent, and Yester.

Royal and Police Burghs not controlled by County Council.
The Royal Burghs of Dunbar and North Berwick and the
Police Burgh of East Linton are situated in the Eastern
District, while the Royal Burgh of Haddington and the
Police Burghs of Tranent, Cockenzie, and Prestonpans
belong to the Western. These various Burghs each
possess independent and separate Sanitary Departments,
and are not controlled in any way by the County
Council or District Committees.
The Districts are unequally divided both in regard
to population and acreage.

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Density of Population.
In the Eastern District (Burghs included) we have a
population of 13,699, and an acreage of 79,325 acres,
which gives 5.7 acres to each person and .17 person to
each acre. Excluding the Burghs the population is

Population under Control of County Council, 21,564.
In the Western District (Burghs included) the popula-
lation is 23,607, with an acreage of 99,817 acres. This
gives 4.2 acres to each person and .23 person to each
acre. Excluding the Burghs, the population is 14,273.

District Committees now the Local Authority.
The District is the unit for the administration of the
Public Health Acts, and the two District Committees of
the County Council are the Local Authorities for carry-
ing out these Acts. Their Medical and Sanitary
Officers can only be dismissed with the sanction of the
Board of Supervision for Scotland.


District Medical Officers.
In 1890, 4 Medical Officers were appointed as Dis-
trict Medical Officers to various parishes in the Eastern
District, while 9 were similarly appointed in the
Western District. One of the latter has since resigned.


Sanitary Inspectors.
Shortly after the District Committees were appointed,
some of the former Sanitary Inspectors were continued
in their appointments, also some Sergeants and Inspec-
tors of Police who acted as Sanitary Inspectors. At
the instance of the Board of Supervision, however, who
would not sanction the employment of the Police, the
latter staff resigned; and the other Sanitary Inspectors,
with a few exceptions, having resigned, ex-Sergeant
Reid from North Berwick was appointed County and
District Sanitary Inspector on 9th January 1892.


Special Drainage and Water Supply Districts.
There are Special Drainage Districts in Aberlady,
Gullane, and Haddington parishes, and Special Water
Districts in the parishes of North Berwick, Aberlady,
and Garvald.

  Transcribers who have contributed to this page.

CorrieBuidhe- Moderator, DANIALSAN, Bizzy- Moderator, Douglas Montgomery