fife-kinross-clackmannan-1933/03-543

Transcription

HISTORICAL MONUMENTS (SCOTLAND) COMMISSION.

Impaled. - Having two coats of arms side by side on one shield divided down the middle; usually that
of the husband impaled with that of the wife (Heraldry).
Impost. - The member of a pillar or pier from which the arch springs. Discontinuous Impost. - Where the
arch mouldings simply die out in the splayed jambs.
Inescutcheon. - A small shield borne within a large one (Heraldry).
Intake. - A setting back of the wall-face.
Ionic. - Of the Ionic order, that is, with volutes or spiral scrolls, but no foliage, at the corners of the capital.

Jamb. - (a) Side of doors or window; (b) a wing of a building.
Joggled. - Of stones jointed in such a way as to prevent their sliding.
Jougs. - An iron collar with chain by which delinquents were secured to a post or building.
Jupon. - A sleeveless, tight-fitting, thickened garment worn over body armour.

Label. - (1) A narrow band on the chief of a shield from which hang three or five "points" at right angles
usually borne as a "difference" or mark of cadency (Heraldry). (2) A hood-moulding (q.v.).
Laich or Laigh. - Low (Scots).
Laminated. - Formed of overlapping plates.
Lancet. - A tall, narrow window with an arched head.
Lucarnes. - An opening in the roof to let in light.
Lugged. - Having an ear ("lug") or projecting piece.

Machicolations. - Openings between corbels through which missiles or other defensive material might be
dropped.
Maniple. - A Mass vestment consisting of a band, originally a handkerchief, hanging from the left arm.
Mantling. - A representation of cloth treated as foliage and used to adorn helmets in coats of arms
(Heraldry).
Martlet. - The martin or swallow shown without legs (Heraldry).
Mascle. - A lozenge-shaped figure with open centre (Heraldry).
Memel pine. - Pine exported from the port of Memel on the Baltic.
Merlons. - See Crenellated.
Mezzanine. - A low storey between two main floors of a building.
Monstrance. - An open or transparent vessel for exposing the Host or consecrated bread.
Mullet. - A five-pointed spur-rowel, like a star, but with a hole in the centre (Heraldry).
Mullions. - Upright shafts dividing the lights of windows.
Multi-cubical. - Having an ornament of projecting scallops; characteristic of Romanesque or Norman
work.

Nailhead. - An ornament like a series of square nailheads.
Newel. - The centre pillar in a winding or wheel-stair, from which the steps radiate.
Nook-shaft. - A shaft set in a recess or "nook".

Octopartite. - Said of a vault divided into eight compartments or "severies" (q.v.).
Offset. - The sloping ledge on a wall or buttress where the upper part is set back.
Ogival. - With a double curve - one concave, the other convex.
Or. - Of a yellow colour representing gold (Heraldry).
Ordinary. - Figures of heraldry in 'ordinary' or general use, e.g. chief, bend, fess, chevron, etc.
Oriel. - A window projected on corbelling.
Orle.- A border within the shield at some distance from the edge (Heraldry).
Outshot. - Part of a building built on as an extension.

Pale. - A vertical band down the middle of a shield (Heraldry).
Pallium. - A long mantle, one end of which was thrown over the left shoulder so as to reach the ankle,
while the rest was drawn round the back, under the right shoulder, and across the body, the second
end being draped over the left forearm (cf. Fig. 390). It was the Latin name of a characteristic
Greek garment.
Paly. - Divided into vertical bands of alternate colours (Heraldry).
Parpen-wall. - A stone partition.
Parted. - Of a shield divided down the middle (Heraldry).

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