"Mortoune" in Midlothian. ¹ Another family of upper Nithsdale was that of Menzies
in the baronies of Durisdeer and Enoch. About 1322 there is a charter by Robert I.
to Alexander Menyers or Menzies of the lands of Durisdeer. ² Later, Durisdeer and
the barony of "Enache (No. 167), resigned by Alexander Menzies, are conferred on
James Steward, brother of the High Steward, ³ and Durisdeer remained with the
Stewarts till near the close of the 17th century. It was otherwise with Enoch. In

[Note in margin] 1498 Manor of
Crichtone, Lady
Ennach - [---]
[Dom --- (149-
p 277

1376 we have a grant of the barony to Robert, son of John de "Meigners," it having
been held and resigned by the said John. ⁴ Thereafter Enoch is possessed by a Menzies
till the beginning of the 18th century, when it was sold to James Duke of Queens-
berry. ⁵ In the 15th century there was a Menzies in Dalveen, ⁶ and another in Castle-
hill of Durisdeer. ⁷ Dalveen was in time also to go to the Douglases.
Of the minor families between Annan and Nith, that of Torthorwald suffers
eclipse as a result of holding to the losing side. Like its neighbours, including the
Bruces, it had attached itself to the English interest in the War of Independence;
unlike these, it had remained falsely true. Sir James de Torthorwald had fallen at
Bannockburn a "willing adherent" of Edward II., and John de Torthorwald,
apparently his eldest son, became a pensioner of Edward III. in 1331. ⁸ Thomas
de Torthorwald, however, the other son, who also had served the English interest,
fought and died for David II. at Durham (1346), and his daughter and heiress, married
to Robert de Corrie and personally enfeoffed by that king in the lands of Collin and
Roucan, adjoining Torthorwald, died without issue in 1369. ⁹ Meantime, King
Robert I. had passed on the Torthorwald barony to Sir John Soulis, ¹⁰ and, after his
forfeiture in 1320, to Humphrey de Kirkpatrick. ¹¹ And with the Kirkpatricks of
Closeburn the barony remained till some time at the close of the century, when it
appears in the possession of Carlyes.
The name of Carlyle - de Karliolo - has place among those familiar as witnesses
to early 13th-century charters of the Bruces, such designations as Corrie, Herries,
Jardine, Charteris (de Carnoto), Kirkpatrick; all later to become surnames. The
original settlement of the Carlyes was at Lockerbie (which they exchanged) and
Kinmount (Kynemund). ¹² William of Carlyle is styled "Laird of Los" ¹³ by Thomas
Randolph as lord of Annandale. ¹⁴ This William had married Margaret, sister of
Robert Bruce. In 1432 we suddenly have record of William of Carlyle of Torthor-
wald in a marriage contract with Sir Thomas of Kirkpatrick, lord of "Killosbern." ¹⁵
By what bridge the Carlyles entered upon the Torthorwald barony is not condescended
upon. Sir John Carlyle was created Lord Carlyle of Torthorwald about 1475, but the
direct male line ended in an heiress who brought the estate into the family of her
Douglas husband, Sir James Douglas of Parkhead; her eldest son was Lord Carlyle
of Torthorwald in 1609. Finally, the property passed into the hands of the Queens-
berry family in 1621-1622. ¹⁶
No name is more common in the train of the Bruce lords of Annandale than that
of Herries or de Heriz, and the title of Lord Herries, as a distinction acquired by a

1 Hist. MSS. Comm., xv., App., part viii. p. 36.
2 Reg. Mag. Sig., i. p. 517.
3 Ibid., p. 530.
4 Ibid., No. 585, p. 213.
5 Drumlanrig Castle and the Douglases, p. 93.
6 Reg. Mag. Sig., ii. No. 765.
7 Ibid., No. 3492.
8 Bain's Calendar, iii. Nos. 1020, 958.
9 Reg. Mag. Sig., i. p. 613.
10 Ibid., i. p. 517.
11 Ibid., p. 457.
12 Buccleuch MSS., p. 39.
13 Luce was an old parish now merged in Hoddom.
14 Buccleuch MSS., p. 42.
15 Ibid., p. 44.
16 Ibid., pp. 43-44.

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