Berwick 1909

Page Transcription
berwick-1909/01_001 [Crown] The Royal Commission on the Ancient & Historical Monuments of Scotland [note] 416 R.T. A1.1 INV(1)
berwick-1909/01_002 [note] A247 THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON THE ANCIENT AND HISTORICAL MONUMENTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS OF SCOTLAND _________________________ FIRST REPORT AND INVENTORY OF MONUMENTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE COUNTY OF BERWICK Presented to both House of Parliament by Command of His Majesty [coat of arms] Oval Stamp - THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON ANCIENT MONUMENTS SCOTLAND EDINBURGH: PRINTED FOR HIS MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE By NEILL & CO., Limited, Bellevue ____ And to be purchased, either directly or through any Bookseller, from OLIVER & BOYD, Edinburgh; or WYMAN & SONS, Ltd., Fetter Lane, E.C.; and 32 Abingdon Street, Westminster, S.W.; or E PONSONBY, 116 Grafton Street, Dublin. ___ 1909 [Cd. 4770.]--Price 6d.
berwick-1909/01_003 CONTENTS. His Majesty's Commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .iii Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v List of Ancient and Historical Monuments and Con- structions in the County of Berwick which the Commissioners deem most worthy of Preservation . vii Introduction to inventory of ancient and historical monuments and constructions in the county of Berwick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix List of parishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiv Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Indices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Map of the county of Berwick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . at end
berwick-1909/01_004 COMMISSION. EDWARD, R. & I. OUR WILL AND PLEASURE IS THAT LETTERS PATENT be made and passed under the Seal appointed by the Treaty of Union to be kept and made use of in Scotland in the place of the great Seal of Scotland, in words and to the effect following:- EDWARD THE SEVENTH, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, to -- Our right trusty and well-beloved Councillor Sir Herbert Eustace Maxwell, Baronet, Fellow of the Royal Society, President of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland; Our trusty and well-beloved Charles John Guthrie, Esquire (commonly called The Honourable Lord Guthrie), one of the Senators of Our College of Justice in Scotland; Our trusty and well-beloved Gerard Baldwin Brown, Esquire, Master of Arts, Professor of Fine Art in the University of Edinburgh; Our trusty and well-beloved Thomas Hastie Bryce, Esquire, Doctor of Medicine, Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland; Our trusty and well-beloved Francis Christian Buchanan, Esquire. Our trusty and well-beloved William Thomas Oldrieve, Esquire, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Principal Architect and Surveyor in Scotland to the Commissioners of Our Works and Public Buildings; Our trusty and well-beloved Thomas Ross, Esquire, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. Greeting! Whereas We have deemed it expedient that a Commission should forthwith issue to make an inventory of the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions connected with or illustrative of the contemporary culture, civilisation, and conditions of life of the people in Scotland from the earliest times to the year 1707, such as -- 1. Sepulchral cairns and other burial places. 2. Forts, camps, earthworks, brochs, crannogs, and other defensive works, either overground or underground. 3. Stone circles and standing stones, and rock surfaces with incised or other sculpturings. 4. Architectural structures, ecclesiastical and secular, whether ruinous or in use, including sculptured or inscribed memorials. And to specify those which see most worthy of preservation. Now know ye that We, reposing great trust and confidence in your knowledge, discretion, and ability, have nominated, constituted, 2000 -- Wt. 10090/124 -- 8/09. -- N. & Co., Ltd.
berwick-1909/01_005 iv HISTORICAL MONUMENTS (SCOTLAND) COMMISSION. and appointed, and do by these Presents nominate, constitute, and appoint you, the said Sir Herbert Eustace Maxwell (Chairman), Charles John Guthrie, Gerald Baldwin Brown, Thomas Hastie Bryce, Francis Christian Buchanan, William Thomas Oldrieve, and Thomas Ross to be Our Commissioners for the purposes of the said inquiry. And for the better enabling you to carry out the purposes of this Commission, We do by these Presents authorise you to call in the aid and co-operation of owners of ancient monuments, inviting them to assist you in furthering the objects of this Commission; and We do further authorise and empower you to call before you such persons as you may judge necessary by whom you may be the better informed of the matters herein submitted for your consideration, and every matter connected therewith, with power to invite the possessors of such papers as you may deem it desirable to inspect to produce them before you, and to inquire of and concerning the premises by all other lawful ways and means whatsoever. And We do further by these Presents authorise and empower you, or any one or more of you, to visit and personally inspect such places as you may deem expedient for the more effectual carrying out of the purposes aforesaid. And we do hereby direct that you, or any one or more of you, may from time to time proceed in the execution of this Commission and of every matter and thing herein contained. And Our further Will and Pleasure is that you Our said Com- missioners, or any three or more of you, do report to Us from time to time in writing under your hands and seals all and every your proceedings under and by virtue of these Presents. And for your assistance in the execution of these Presents, We do hereby nominate and appoint Our trusty and well-beloved Alexander Ormiston Curle, Esquire, Writer to the Signet, one of the Secretaries of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, to be Secretary to this Our Commission. And We ordain the said Letters Patent to be extended in the most ample form, and to pass the Seal aforesaid per saltum, without passing anyother Seal or Register. For doing whereof these Presents shall be to the Director of Our Chancery for writing the same, and to the Keeper of the said Seal for causing the same to be appended thereto a sufficient Warrant. Given at Our Court at Buckingham Palace the seventh day of February 1908, in the eighth year of Our Reign. By His Majesty's Command [Signed] JOHN SINCLAIR.
berwick-1909/01_006 FIRST REPORT OF THE ROYAL COMMISSION ON THE ANCIENT AND HISTORICAL MONUMENTS OF SCOTLAND. TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY. MAY IT PLEASE YOUR MAJESTY, -- We, your Majesty's Commissioners, appointed to make an Inventory of the Ancient and Historical Monments and Constrc- tions connected with or illustrative of the contemporary culture, civilisation, and conditions of life of the people of Scotland from the earliest times to the year 1707, and to specify those which seem most worthy of preservation, respectfully beg leave to certify to your Majesty that meetings of the Commissioners have been held on 26th February and 4th October 1908, and on 8th February and 15th March 1909. In order to carry out mosr effectually your Majesty's intentions, your Commissioners resolved at their first meeting that the Inventory should be framed upon a topographical basis. It was further decided to take advantage of the notification of antiquities made on the maps of the Ordnance Survey, and from these to prepare preliminary lists according to counties and parishes for the purpose of distribution to the ministers of the Gospel, schoolmaster, and such other individuals as might be able to supplement these lists from local knowledge. It was also consdiered essential that the Secretary should visit each county in turn, with the object of personally inspecting each monu- ment so as to satisfy your Commissioners as to its true character and condition. In accordance with the foregoing scheme, lists of monuments in each parish have now been prepared for distribution. The monuments in the county of berwick have been visited, and a complete Inventory showing the situation and characteristics of each, along with a bibliography, a reference to the Ordnance Survey sheet (6-inch scale) on which it is noted, and the date on which it was visited, has been compiled and is annexed to this Report. Your Commissioners consider that to render the Inventory of practical utility these details are essential. The number of objects noticed is 260, of which 70, it is believed, have not previously been described. There is also appended a list of monuments and constructions in the county which to your Commissioners seem most worthy of preserva- tion. These it has been deemed advisable to divide into two classes, specifying, in the one class, those which appear to be specially in need or protection, and, in the other, those worthy of preservation but not
berwick-1909/01_007 vi HISTORICAL MONUMENTS (SCOTLAND) COMMISSION. in imminent risk of demolition or decay. It has not been considered necessary to furnish the Inventory with illustrations or plans, as these already exist in the case of almost all monuments, etc., of importance in Berwickshire, and are referred to in the Inventory. Your Commissioners propose in the current year to review the monuments in the county of Sutherland, and also, if possible, those in the county of Caithness, and lists have been distributed and other preparations made with that object. It is very gratifying to your Commissioners to state that your Majesty’s Commission has everywhere been fully appreciated and favourably received, and that the greatest assistance has been given to your Commissioners in carrying out the work with which you have entrusted them. The fact that the Corporation of Edinburgh have recently caused to be compiled and have published an Inventory of the older structures in the central part of the Old Town is an encouraging action that merits record. In the court of the year various cases in which interesting monuments were threatened with injury or destruction have been brought informally to the notice of your Commissioners, and it is gratifying to record that representations made by your Commissioners have met with consideration from proprietors and others interested. Your Commissioners desire to make grateful acknowledgment of the manner in which the work has been facilitated by the clergy and schoolmasters of Berwickshire. Special thanks are due also to the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, whose Council has placed the valuable archaeological library of the Society at your Commissioners' disposal and furnished them with a complete set of the Society’s Proceedings, thereby enabling your Commissioners to avoid much expense in the purchase of books, etc. Many Fellows of the Society, also, have rendered valuable assistance individually, all of which your Commissioners humbly submit to your Majesty’s gracious consideration. Your Commissioners cannot conclude this their first Report without making cordial acknowledgment of the degree in which their labours have been facilitated by the unremitting energy and special knowledge of their Secretary, Mr A. O. Curle. They feel that without the assistance of one so well skilled in archaeology they could not have accomplished nearly so much as they have done. L.S. HERBERT MAXWELL. FRANCIS C. BUCHANAN. CHARLES J. GUTHRIE. W. T. OLDRIEVE. G. BALDWIN BROWN. THOMAS ROSS. THOMAS H. BRYCE. ALEXANDER. O. CURL, Secretary. June 1909.